سکوی بهره برداری

مجموعه تجهزاتی که به منظور استخراج ذخایر نفت در زیر بستر آب دریا ها استفاده می شود. عملیات پالایش و جداسازی هیدروکربن ها اغلب در همین سکو ها انجام می شود.

production platform
Facility used to extract underwater oil deposits;the separation and treatment of hydrocarbons are mainly done here.
well flow line
Steel tubes that carry crude oil from the producing well to the manifold;these tubes connect several producing wells together.
gas lift module
Device used to introduce pressurized gas into the deposit to force oil up in the well to increase production.
export pipeline
All the steel pipes that carry oil from the platform to the land facilities;the oil can also be transported by ship.
All the pipes and valves that carry crude oil from the well to preset points on the production platform.
Christmas tree
Group of devices at the head of the producing well that regulate the flow of oil being extracted from the deposit.
production/export riser system
Vertical steel tubes that link the wellhead and the drilling platform;the system removes mud and oil.
Materials-handling device fitted with a rotating jib;a hook suspended from the jib is used to lift and move loads.
Site where helicopters land and take off.
oil processing area
Area where crude oil is pretreated at the head of the well.
anchor wires
They anchor the pontoon securely to the ocean floor to ensure the stability of the platform.
tubular member
Steel tube that connects the platform’s various hull columns to reinforce the structure.
Submerged floating caisson at the base of the hull column;seawater or oil are stored here to stabilize the platform.
hull column
Large steel tube that rises above the pontoon;it supports the production platform above the surface of the water.
Unsinkable craft used to evacuate workers from the platform in an emergency.
radio mast
Metal conductor used to send and receive radio waves;it provides communications mainly with coastal stations and ships.
oil/gas separator
Device used to remove the gas from the crude oil from the well.
Device that draws off and burns in the air unmarketable gases collected in the separator.
Metal structure erected over an oil well;tools for drilling through rock are raised and lowered through it.